Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation - TeachMeSoft

Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation

Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation

Kumpulan kosakata bahasa Inggris terlengkap mengenai List of Mathematical Symbols (Daftar simbol matematika) dari A sampai Z disertai Gambar, Audio dan Pronunciation. Yang memungkinkan teman-teman mengingat dengan cepat suatu kosakata baru, dikarenakan ke ikut sertaan indra penglihatan dan indra pendengaran dalam proses belajar.



Basic symbols
(Simbol matematika dasar)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 + addition
/əˈdɪʃ.ən/
aa plus;add
/plʌs
aa
disjoint union
/dɪsˈdʒɔɪnt ˈjuː.nj.ən/ 
aa the disjoint union of ... and ...
ðə   dɪsˈdʒɔɪnt  əv ˈjuː.nj.ən...ənd...
aa
2 subtraction
/səbˈtræk.ʃən/
aa minus;take;subtract
/ˈmaɪ.nəs/
/teɪk/
/səbˈtrakt/

aa
negative sign
/ˈneɡ.ə.tɪv  saɪn/
aa negative; minus; the opposite of
/ˈneɡ.ə.tɪv/
/ˈmaɪ.nəs/
/ðə  ɒp.ə.zɪt  əv/

aa
set-theoretic complement
/set  θɪəˈret.ɪ.k ˈkɒm.plɪ.ment/ 
aa minus;without
/ˈmaɪ.nəs  wɪˈðaʊt/
aa
3 ± plus-minus
/plʌs  ˈmaɪ.nəs/
aa plus or minus
/plʌs  ɔːr ˈmaɪ.nəs/
aa
4 minus-plus
/ˈmaɪ.nəs  plʌs/
aa minus or plus
/ˈmaɪ.nəs  ɔːr  plʌs/
aa
5 ×

·
multiplication
/ˌmʌl·tə·plɪˈkeɪ·ʃən/
aa times; multiplied by
/taɪmz/
/ˈmʌl.tɪ.plaɪd  baɪ/

aa
dot product/ scalar product
/dɒt ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
/ˈskeɪ.lər ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
aa dot
/dɒt/
aa
cross product/ vector product
/krɒs  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
/ˈvek.tər ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
aa cross
/krɒs/
aa
placeholder
/ˈpleɪs.həʊl.dər/
aa (silent)
/ˈsaɪ.lənt/
aa
6 ÷
division (Obelus)
/dɪˈvɪʒ.ən/ (äbələs)
aa divided by; over
/dɪˈvaɪd  baɪ/
/ˈəʊ.vər/

aa
quotient group
/ˈkwəʊ.ʃənt ɡruːp/  
aa mod
/mɒd/
aa
quotient set
/ˈkwəʊ.ʃənt  
mod aa
ae  
aa
7 square root (radical symbol)
/ˌskweə ˈruːt/
(ræd.ɪ.kəl ˈsɪm.bəl/

aa the (principal) square root of
/ðə  (ˈprɪn.sə.pəl)  skweər  ruːt  əv/
aa
complex square root
/ˈkɒm.pleks  skweər ruːt/ 
aa the (complex) square root of
/ðə  (ˈkɒm.pleks)  skweər  ruːt  əv/
aa
8 summation
/ˌsʌmˈeɪ.ʃən/
aa sum over ... from ... to ... of
/sʌm  ˈəʊ.vər...frəm...  tʊ...əv
aa
9 indefinite integral/
antiderivative
/ɪnˈdef.ɪ.nət  ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/

aa indefinite integral of - OR - the antiderivative of
/ɪnˈdef.ɪ.nətˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl  əv - ɔːr -  ðəˈæn.ti  ɪˈrɪv.ə.tɪv  əv/ 
aa
definite integral
/ˈdef.ɪ.nət ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
aa integral from ... to ... of ... with respect to
/ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl  frɒm...  tʊ...əv...wɪð  rɪˈspekt  tʊ/
aa
line integral
/laɪn ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
aa line/ path/ curve/ integral of ... along ...
/laɪn/
/pɑːθ/
/kɜːv/
/ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl  əv...əˈlɒŋ/

aa
10 Contour integral;
Closed line integral
/ˈkɒn.tɔːr ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
/kləʊzd  laɪn ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
aa contour integral of
/ˈkɒn.tɔːr ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl  əv/
aa
11



ellipsis
/iˈlɪp.sɪs/
aa and so forth
/ənd  səʊ  fɔːθ/
aa
12 therefore
/ˈðeə.fɔːr/
aa therefore;so;hence
/ˈðeə.fɔːr/
/səʊ/

aa
13 because
/bɪˈkəz/
aa because;since
/bɪˈkəz/
/sɪns/

aa
14 ! factorial
/fækˈtɔː.ri.əl/
aa factorial
/fækˈtɔː.ri.əl/
aa
logical negation
/ˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl  nɪˈɡeɪ.ʃən/ 
aa not
/nɒt/
aa
15 ¬
˜
logical negation
/ˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl  nɪˈɡeɪ.ʃən/ 
aa not
/nɒt/
aa
16 proportionality
/prəˌpɔːʃəˈnæləti/
aa is proportional to; varies as
/ɪz  prəˈpɔː.ʃən.əl  tʊ/
/ˈveə.ri  əz/

aa
17 infinity
/ɪnˈfɪn.ə.ti/
aa infinity
/ɪnˈfɪn.ə.ti/
aa
18



end of proof
/ˌend.əv pruːf/ 
aa QED;
Tombstone;
Halmos finality symbol
/ˌkjuː.iːˈdiː/
/ˈtuːm.stəʊn/
/Halmos  faɪˈnæl.ə.ti  ˈsɪm.bəl/

aa

Symbols based on equality
(Simbol berdasarkan tanda sama dengan)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 = equality
/iˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa is equal to; equals
/ɪz  ˈiː.kwəl  tʊ/
/ˈiː.kwəls/

aa
2 inequality
/ˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa is not equal to; does not equal
/ɪz  nɒt ˈiː.kwəl  tʊ/
/dʌz  nɒt ˈiː.kwəl/

aa
3 approximately equal
/əˈprɒk.sɪ.mət.li ˈiː.kwəl/
aa is approximately equal to
/ɪz  əˈprɒk.sɪ.mət.li ˈiː.kwəl  tʊ/
aa
isomorphism
aa is isomorphic to
aa
4 ~ probability distribution
/ˌprɒb.əˈbɪl.ə.ti  ˌdɪs.trɪˈbjuː.ʃən/ 
aa has distribution
/hæz  ˌdɪs.trɪˈbjuː.ʃən/
aa
row equivalence
/rəʊ  ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns/ 
aa is row equivalent to
/ɪz  rəʊ  ɪˈkwɪv.əl.ənt  tʊ/
aa
same order of magnitude
/seɪm ˈɔː.dər  ɒv ˈmæɡ.nɪ.tʃuːd/
aa roughly similar; poorly approximates;
is on the order of
/ˈrʌf.li ˈsɪm.ɪ.lər/
/ˈpɔː.li  əˈprɒk.sɪ.məts/
/ɪz  ɒn  ðə ˈɔː.dər  əv

aa
similarity
/ˌsɪm.ɪˈlær.ə.ti/
aa is similar to
/ɪz ˈsɪm.ɪ.lər  tu/
aa
asymptotically equivalent
aa is asymptotically equivalent to
aa
equivalence relation
/ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns  rɪˈleɪ.ʃən/
aa are in the same equivalence class
/ɑːr  ɪn  ðə seɪm  ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns  klɑːs/ 
aa
5 =
::
=

:⇔


definition
/ˌdef.ɪˈnɪʃ.ən/
aa is defined as; is equal by definition to
/ɪz  dɪˈfaɪn  əz/
/ɪz ˈiː.kwəl  baɪ  ˌdef.ɪˈnɪʃ.ən  tʊ/

aa
6 congruence
/ˈkɒŋ.ɡru.əns/
aa is congruent to
/ɪz  ˈkɒŋ.ɡru.ənt   tʊ/
aa
isomorphic
/ˈaɪsəmɔːfɪk/ 
aa is isomorphic to
/ɪz  ˈaɪsəmɔːfɪk  tʊ/
aa
7 congruence relation
/ˈkɒŋ.ɡru.əns  rɪˈleɪ.ʃən/
aa ... is congruent to ... modulo ...
....ɪz  ˈkɒŋ.ɡru.ənt tʊ...ˈmäjəˌlō
aa
dentical equality
aa is identically equivalent to
aa
8
material equivalence
/məˈtɪə.ri.əl  ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns/
aa if and only if; iff
/ɪf  ənd  ˈəʊn.li  ɪf/
/ɪf/

aa
9 :=
=:
Assignment
/əˈsaɪn.mənt/
aa is defined to be
/ɪz  dɪˈfaɪn  tʊ  bi/
aa

Symbols that point left or right
(Simbol yang mengarah ke kiri atau ke kanan)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 <
>
strict inequality
/strɪkt ˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa is less than, is greater than
/ɪz  les  ðæn/
/ɪz  ˈɡreɪ.tər   ðæn/

aa
proper subgroup
/ˈprɒp.ər ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa is a proper subgroup of
/ɪz  e ˈprɒp.ər ˈsʌbˌɡruːp  əv/
aa
2
significant (strict) inequality
/sɪɡˈnɪf.ɪ.kənt (strɪkt)/
/ˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ə.ti/

aa is much less than, is much greater than
/ɪz   mʌtʃ  les  ðæn/
/ɪz   mʌtʃ ˈɡreɪ.tər   ðæn/

aa
asymptotic comparison
/ˌæs.ɪmˈtɒt.ɪk  kəmˈpær.ɪ.sən/
aa is of smaller order than, is of greater order than
/ɪz  əv  smɔːler ˈɔː.dər  ðæn/ 
/ɪz  əv  ˈɡreɪ.tər ˈɔː.dər  ðæn/

aa
absolute continuity
/ˈæb.sə.luːt  ˌkɒn.tɪˈnjuː.ə.ti/
aa is absolutely continuous with respect to
/ɪz  æb.səˈluːt.li  kənˈtɪn.ju.əs  wɪð  rɪˈspekt  tu/
aa
3
inequality
/ˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa is less than or equal to, is greater than or equal to
/ɪz  les  ðæn ɔːr  iː.kwəl tu/
/ɪz ˈɡreɪ.tər  ðæn
  ɔːr ˈiː.kwəl  tu/

aa
subgroup
/ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa is a subgroup of
/ɪz e ˈsʌbˌɡruːp  əv/
aa
reduction
/rɪˈdʌk.ʃən/
aa is reducible to
/ɪz  rɪˈdʒuː.sə.bəl  tʊ/
aa
4
congruence relation
/ˈkɒŋ.ɡru.əns  ɪˈleɪ.ʃən/ 
aa ... is less than ... is greater than ...
...ɪz les  ðæn...ɪz ˈɡreɪ.tər  ðæn/
aa
vector inequality
/ˈvek.tər ˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa ... is less than or equal... is greater than or equal...
...ɪz  les  ðæn  ɔːr  ˈiː.kwəl...ɪz  ˈɡreɪ.tər ðæn  ɔːr ˈiː.kwəl...  
aa
5
Karp reduction
/Karp  rɪˈdʌk.ʃən/ 
aa is Karp reducible to; is polynomial-time many-one reducible to
/ɪz  Karp  rɪˈdʒuː.sə.bəl tʊ/
/ɪz  ˌpɒl.iˈnəʊ.mi.əl  taɪm  ˈmen.i  wʌn  rɪˈdʒuː.sə.bəl  tʊ/

aa
Nondominated order
/ˌnɒn  ˈdɒm.ɪ.neɪt  ˈɔː.dər/
aa is nondominated by
/ɪz  ˌnɒn  ˈdɒm.ɪ.neɪt/  
aa
6


normal subgroup
/nɔː.məl  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa is a normal subgroup of
/ɪz  e nɔː.məl ˈsʌbˌɡruːp əv/
aa
ideal
/aɪˈdɪəl/
aa is an ideal of
/iz ən  aɪˈdɪəl  əv/
aa
antijoin
aa the antijoin of
aa
7

material implication
/məˈtɪə.ri.əl  ˌɪm.plɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/
aa implies; if ... then
 /ɪmˈplaɪs/
/if...ðen/

aa
8
subset
/ˈsʌb.set/
aa is a subset of
/ɪz  e  ˈsʌb.set  əv/
aa
9
superset
ˈso͞opərˌset
aa is a superset of
/ɪz  e ˈso͞opərˌset  əv/
aa
10 compact embedding
/kəmˈpækt  ɪmˈbed/
aa is compactly contained in
/ɪz  kəmˈpækt.li kənˈteɪnd  in/
aa
11 function arrow
/ˈfʌŋk.ʃən  ˈær.əʊ/
aa from ... to
/frɒm...tu/
aa
12 function arrow
/ˈfʌŋk.ʃən  ˈær.əʊ/
aa maps to
/mæp  tu/
aa
13 Converse implication
/ˈkɒn.vɜːs  ˌɪm.plɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/ 
aa .. if ..
/ɪf/
aa
14 <:
subtype
ˈsəbˌtīp
aa is a subtype of
/ɪz  e  sebtaɪp  əv/
aa
cover
/ˈkʌv.ər/ 
aa is covered by
/ɪz  ˈkʌv.ər  baɪ/
aa
15 entailment
/ɪnˈteɪl.mənt/
aa entails
/ɪnˈteɪls/
aa
16 inference
/ˈɪn.fər.əns/
aa infers; is derived from
/ɪnˈfɜːrs/
/ɪz  dɪˈraɪvd  frɒm/

aa
partition
/pɑːˈtɪʃ.ən/
aa is a partition of
/ɪz  e  pɑːˈtɪʃ.ən  əv/
aa
17 ⟨| bra vector
/brɑ ˈvek.tər/
aa the bra ...; the dual of ...
/ðə  brɑː../
/ðə ˈdʒuː.əl  əv/

aa
18 |⟩ ket vector
/ket  ˈvek.tər/
aa the ket ...; the vector ...
/ðə  ket.../
/ðə ˈvek.tər/

aa

Brackets /ˈbræk.ɪt/
(Tanda kurung)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 combination; binomial coefficient
/ˌkɒm.bɪˈneɪ.ʃən/
/baɪˈnəʊ.mi.əl ˌkəʊ.ɪˈfɪʃ.ənt/

aa n choose k
/n  tʃuːz  ke/
aa
2 multiset coefficient
/multiset  ˌkəʊ.ɪˈfɪʃ.ənt/
aa u multichoose k
/yu  mʌl.ti tʃuːz  ke/
aa
3 piecewise-defined function; pattern matching; Switch statement
aa is defined as ... if ..., or as ... if ...; match ... with
/ɪz  dɪˈfaɪn  əz...ɔːr  əz...ɪf.../
/mætʃ...wɪð/

aa
4 |...| absolute value; modulus
/ˈæb.sə.luːt   ˈvæl.juː/
/ˈmɒd.jə.ləs/ 

aa absolute value of; modulus of
ae  əv/
   əv/

aa
Euclidean norm or Euclidean length or magnitude
/juˈklɪd.i.ən  nɔːm/
/juˈklɪd.i.ən  leŋθ/
/ˈmæɡ.nɪ.tʃuːd/

aa Euclidean norm of
ae  əv/
aa
determinant
/dɪˈtɜː.mɪ.nənt/   
aa determinant of
ae  əv
aa
cardinality
/ˈkɑː.dɪnˈæl.ə.ti/
aa cardinality of; size of; order of
ae  əv
  əv/
/ˈɔː.dər  əv/

aa
5 ‖...‖ norm
/nɔːm/
aa norm of; length of
ae  əv/
  əv/

aa
nearest integer function
/nɪəres ˈɪn.tɪ.dʒər ˈfʌŋk.ʃən/
aa nearest integer to
ae  
aa
6 { , } set brackets
/set ˈbræk.ɪt/
aa the set of ...
/ðə   set  əv/
aa
7 { : }
{ | }
{ ; }
set builder notation
/set  bɪld  nəʊˈteɪ.ʃən/
aa the set of ... such that
/ðə  set əv/
aa
8 ⌊...⌋ floor
/flɔːr/
aa floor; greatest integer; entier
ae  
aa
9 ⌈...⌉ ceiling
/ˈsiː.lɪŋ/
aa ceiling
ae  
aa
10 ⌊...⌉ nearest integer function
/nɪəres ˈɪn.tɪ.dʒər ˈfʌŋk.ʃən/ 
aa nearest integer to
ae  tʊ/
aa
12 [ : ] degree of a field extension
/dɪˈɡriː  əv  ə  fiːld  ɪkˈsten.ʃən/
aa the degree of
/ðə  əv/
aa
12 [ ]
[ , ]
[ , , ]
equivalence class
/ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns   klɑːs/  
aa the equivalence class of
/ðə  ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns  klɑːs  əv/
aa
floor
/flɔːr/
aa floor; greatest integer; entier
ae  
aa
nearest integer function
/nɪəres ˈɪn.tɪ.dʒər ˈfʌŋk.ʃən/ 
aa nearest integer to
ae  tʊ/
aa
Iverson bracket
/Iverson  ˈbræk.ɪt/
aa 1 if true, 0 otherwise
ae  ɪf  
aa
image
/ˈɪm.ɪdʒ/
aa image of ... under ...
ae  əv
aa
closed interval
/kləʊzd  ˈɪn.tə.vəl/
aa closed interval
ae  
aa
commutator
/ˈkɒm.jə.teɪ.tər/
aa the commutator of
/ðə  əv/
aa
triple scalar product
/ˈtrɪp.əl  skeɪ.lər  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/
aa the triple scalar product of
/ðə  əv/
aa
13 ( )
( , )
function application
/ˈfʌŋk.ʃən  ˌæp.lɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/
aa of
/əv/
aa
image
/ˈɪm.ɪdʒ/ 
aa image of ... under ...
/  əv  /
aa
precedence grouping
/ˈpres.ɪ.dən ˈɡruː.pɪŋ/ 
aa parentheses
ae  
aa
tuple
/ˈtuː.pl/
aa tuple; n-tuple; ordered pair/triple/etc; row vector; sequence
ae  ˈvek.tər
aa
highest common factor
/haɪes ˈkɒm.ən  ˈfæk.tər/ 
aa highest common factor; greatest common divisor; hcf; gcd
ae  
aa
14 ( , )
] , [
open interval
/ˈəʊ.pən ˈɪn.tə.vəl/
aa open interval
ae  
aa
15 ( , ]
] , ]
left-open interval
/left  əʊ.pən  ˈɪn.tə.vəl/ 
aa half-open interval; left-open interval
ae  
aa
16 [ , )
[ , [
right-open interval
/raɪt  əʊ.pən ˈɪn.tə.vəl/ 
aa half-open interval; right-open interval
ae  
aa
17 ⟨⟩
⟨,⟩
inner product
/ˈɪn.ər  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
aa inner product of
ae  prɒd.ʌkt  əv/
aa
average
/ˈæv.ər.ɪdʒ/
aa average of
ae  əv/
aa
expectation value
/ˌek.spekˈteɪ.ʃən  ˈvæl.juː/ 
aa the expectation value of
/ðə  əv/
aa
linear span
/ˈlɪn.i.ər  spæn/
aa (linear) span of; linear hull of
ae  əv/
  əv/

aa
subgroup generated by a set
/ˈsʌbˌɡruːp ˈdʒen.ə.reɪt  baɪ ə set/
aa the subgroup generated by
/ðə ˈsʌbˌɡruːp  baɪ/
aa
tuple
/ˈtuː.pl/
aa tuple; n-tuple; ordered pair/triple/etc; row vector; sequence
ae  ˈvek.tər
aa
18 ⟨|⟩
(|)
inner product
/ˈɪn.ər ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
aa inner product of
ae  prɒd.ʌkt  əv/
aa

Other non-letter symbols
(Simbol bukan huruf yang lain)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 * convolution
/ˌkɒn.vəˈluː.ʃən/
aa convolution; convolved with
ae 
/wɪð/

aa
complex conjugate
/ˈkɒm.pleks  kɒn.dʒə.ɡeɪt/ 
aa conjugate
ae  
aa
group of units
/ɡruːp  əv  juː.nɪts/
aa the group of units of
/ðə  ɡruːp əv  juː.nɪt  əv/
aa
hyperreal numbers
/ˌhīpə(r)ˈrēəl  nʌm.bərz/
aa the (set of) hyperreals
/ðə  (set əv)/
aa
Hodge star operator
aa Hodge star; Hodge dual
ae  
aa
Kleene star
aa Kleene star
ae  
aa
2 proportionality
/prəˌpɔːʃəˈnæləti/  
aa is proportional to; varies as
/ɪz  tʊ/
aa
Karp reduction
/Karp  ɪˈdʌk.ʃən/ 
aa is Karp reducible to; is polynomial-time many-one reducible to
/ɪz  tʊ/
/ɪz  tʊ/

aa
3 set-theoretic complement
/set  THēəˈredik  ˈkɒm.plɪ.ment/
aa minus; without; throw out; not
/ˈmaɪ.nəs/
/wɪˈðaʊt/
aʊt/
/nɒt/

aa
4 | conditional event
/kənˈdɪʃ.ən.əl  ɪˈvent/
aa given
ae  
aa
restriction
/rɪˈstrɪk.ʃən/
aa restriction of ... to ...; restricted to
ae  əv  
aa
such that
/sʌtʃ  ðæt/
aa such that; so that
ae 
/səʊ  

aa
5
divisor, divides
/dɪˈvaɪ.zər /
 /dɪˈvaɪds/

aa divides
ae  
aa
6 ∣∣ exact divisibility
/ɪɡˈzækt  dɪˈvɪz·əˈbɪl·ət̬·i/
aa exactly divides
ae  
aa
7

parallel
/ˈpær.ə.lel/ 
aa is parallel to
/ɪz  tʊ/
aa
incomparability
aa is incomparable to
/ɪz  tʊ/
aa
8 # cardinality
/ˈkɑː.dɪnˈæl.ə.ti/
aa cardinality of; size of; order of
ae  əv/
   əv/
/ˈɔː.dər  əv/

aa
connected sum
/kəˈnek.tɪd  sʌm/
aa connected sum of; knot sum of; knot composition of
ae  sʌm   əv/
   sʌm  əv/
   əv/

aa
primorial
aa primorial
ae  
aa
9 : such that
/sʌtʃ  ðæt/
aa such that; so that
ae 
/səʊ 

aa
field extension
/fiːld  ɪkˈsten.ʃən/ 
aa extends;over
ae 
/ˈəʊ.vər/

aa
inner product of matrices
/ˈɪn.ər  ˈprɒd.ʌkt  əv  matrezis/
aa inner product of
ae  prɒd.ʌkt  əv/
aa
index of a subgroup
/ˈɪn.deks  əv  ə  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa index of subgroup
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa
division
/dɪˈvɪʒ.ən/
aa divided by over
ae  baɪ ˈəʊ.vər/
aa
10 vertical ellipsis
/ˈvɜː.tɪ.kəl  iˈlɪp.sɪs/
aa vertical ellipsis
ae  
aa
11 wreath product
/riːθ  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/
aa wreath product of ... by ...
ae  prɒd.ʌkt  əv...baɪ/.../
aa
12

⇒⇐
downwards zigzag arrow
/ˈdaʊn.wədz  ˈzɪɡ.zæɡ  ˈær.əʊ/  
aa contradiction; this contradicts that
ae  
aa
13
exclusive or
/ɪkˈskluː.sɪv  ɔːr/  
aa xor
ae  
aa
direct sum
/daɪˈrekt  sʌm/
aa direct sum of
ae  sʌm  əv/
aa
14 Kulkarni–Nomizu product
aa Kulkarni–Nomizu product
aa
15 D'Alembertian; wave operator
aa non-Euclidean Laplacian
ae  
aa

Letter modifiers/ diacritics

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 a mean
/miːn/
aa overbar; ... bar
ae  
aa
finite sequence, tuple
/ˈfaɪ.naɪt ˈsiː.kwəns/
/ˈtuː.pl/ 

aa finite sequence, tuple
ae  
aa
algebraic closure
/ˌæl.dʒəˈbreɪ.ɪk ˈkləʊ.ʒər/  
aa algebraic closure of
ae  əv/
aa
complex conjugate
/ˈkɒm.pleksˈkɒn.dʒə.ɡeɪt/  
aa conjugate
ae  
aa
topological closure
tɒpˈɒl.ə.dʒi kel   ˈkləʊ.ʒər/
aa (topological) closure of
ae    əv/
aa
2 vector
/ˈvek.tər/
aa harpoon
ae  
aa
3 â unit vector
/ˈjuː.nɪt  ˈvek.tər/
aa hat
ae  
aa
estimator
/ˈestɪmeɪtər/
aa estimator for
ae  
aa
4 derivative
/dɪˈrɪv.ə.tɪv/
aa ... prime; derivative of
ae  əv/
aa
5 derivative
/dɪˈrɪv.ə.tɪv/
aa ... dot; time derivative of
/...dɒt/
  əv/


aa

Symbols based on Latin letters
(Simbol berdasarkan huruf Latin)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 universal quantification
/ˌjuː.nɪˈvɜː.səl  kwɒn.tɪ.fɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/ 
aa for all; for any; for each; for every
ae  
aa
2 𝔹
B
boolean domain
/ˈbuːliən  dəˈmeɪn/
aa B; the (set of) boolean values; the (set of) truth values;
ae  ðə  (set əv)/
ðə

aa
3
C
complex numbers
/kɒm.pleks  ˈnʌm.bər/
aa C; the (set of) complex numbers
ae  ðə  (set əv)  ˈnʌm.bərz/

aa
4 𝔠 cardinality of the continuum
/ˈkɑː.dɪnˈæl.ə.ti  ɒv  ðə  kənˈtɪn.ju.əm/
aa cardinality of the continuum; c; cardinality of the real numbers
ae  əv  ðə
   əv  ðə   ˈnʌm.bərz/

aa
5 partial derivative
/ˈpɑː.ʃəl  dɪˈrɪv.ə.tɪv/
aa partial;d
ae  
aa
boundary
/ˈbaʊn.dər.i/  
aa boundary of
ae  əv/
aa
degree of a polynomial
/dɪˈɡriː  əv  ə  pɒl.iˈnəʊ.mi.əl/
aa degree of
ae  əv/
aa
6 𝔼
E
expected value
/ɪkˈspek.tɪd  væl.juː/
aa expected value
ae  
aa
7 existential quantification
/ˌeɡ.zɪˈsten.ʃə  ˌkwɒn.tɪ.fɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/
aa there exists; there is; there are
ae 
  ɪz/

aa
8 ∃! uniqueness quantification
/jʊˈnik·nəs ˌkwɒn.tɪ.fɪˈkeɪ.ʃən/ 
aa there exists exactly one
ae  
aa
9
set membership
/set ˈmem.bə.ʃɪp/
aa is an element of; is not an element of
/ɪz  nɒt ˈel.ɪ.mənt  əv/
/ɪz  nɒt ˈel.ɪ.mənt  əv/

aa
10 set membership
/set ˈmem.bə.ʃɪp/
aa does not contain as an element
/dʌz  nɒt  ˈel.ɪ.mənt/
aa
11 such that symbol
/sʌtʃ  ðæt  ˈsɪm.bəl/
aa such that
ae  
aa
set membership
/set  ˈmem.bə.ʃɪp/
aa contains as an element
ae  ˈel.ɪ.mənt/
aa
12 𝔽 Galois field
aa Galois field, or finite field
ae  ɔːr
aa
13
H
quaternions or Hamiltonian quaternions
/kwəˈtərnēən  ɔːr  ˌhaməlˈtōnēən   kwəˈtərnēən/
aa H; the (set of) quaternions
ae  ðə  (set əv)/
aa
14 𝕀
I
Indicator function
/ˈɪn.dɪ.keɪ.tər ˈfʌŋk.ʃən/  
aa the indicator of
/ðə  əv/
aa
15
N
natural numbers
/ˈnætʃ.ər.əl  ˈnʌm.bər/
aa the (set of) natural numbers
/ðə (set  əv)  ˈnʌm.bərz/
aa
16 Hadamard product
/Hademard  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/
aa entrywise product
ae  prɒd.ʌkt/
aa
17 function composition
/ˈfʌŋk.ʃən   kɒm.pəˈzɪʃ.ən/
aa composed with
ae  wɪð/
aa
18 O Big O notation
/bɪɡ əʊ  nəʊˈteɪ.ʃən/
aa big-oh of
ae  əv/
aa
19
{ }
empty set
/ˈemp.ti  set/
aa the empty set null set
/ðə  set  set/
aa
20
P
set of primes
/set  əv  raɪm/
aa P; the set of prime numbers
ae  ðə  set  əv   ˈnʌm.bərz
aa
projective space
/prəˈjektiv  speɪs/
aa P; the projective space; the projective line; the projective plane
ae  ðə 
  ðə 
  ðə  

aa
polynomials
/ˌpɒl.iˈnəʊ.mi.əls/
aa the space of all possible polynomials
/ðə  əv  
aa
probability
/ˌprɒb.əˈbɪl.ə.ti/
aa the probability of
/ðə  əv 
aa
Power set
/paʊər  set/
aa the Power set of
/ðə  setəv/
aa
21
Q
rational numbers
/ˈræʃ.ən.əl  ˈnʌm.bərz/ 
aa Q; the (set of) rational numbers; the rationals
/ðə  (set əv) ræʃ.ən.əl 
/ðə  ˈræʃ.ən.əls/

aa
22 ℚp
Qp
p-adic numbers
/pi  adic ˈnʌm.bərz/
aa the (set of) p-adic numbers; the p-adics
/ðə ( set əv) pi  adic ˈnʌm.bərz/
ðə  pi  adicz/

aa
23
R
real numbers
/rɪəl ˈnʌm.bərz/
aa R; the (set of) real numbers; the reals
ae  ðə  (set əv)  ˈnʌm.bərz/
ðə

aa
24 conjugate transpose
/ˈkɒn.dʒə.ɡeɪt  trænˈspəʊz/
aa conjugate transpose; adjoint; Hermitian adjoint/conjugate/transpose/dagger
/ˈkɒn.dʒə.ɡeɪt  trænˈspəʊz/
/ˈajoint/
/Hermitian ˈajoint/
/ˈkɒn.dʒə.ɡeɪt/
/trænˈspəʊz/
/ˈdæɡ.ər/

aa
25 T transpose
/trænˈspəʊz/
aa transpose
/trænˈspəʊz/
aa
26 top element
/tɒp  ˈel.ɪ.mənt/
aa the top element
/ðə  tɒp  ˈel.ɪ.mənt/
aa
top type
/tɒp taɪp/
aa the top type; top
/ðə  tɒp 
/tɒp/

aa
27 perpendicular
/ˌpɜː.pənˈdɪk.jə.lər/
aa is perpendicular to
/ɪz ˌpɜː.pənˈdɪk.jə.lər  tʊ/
aa
orthogonal complement
/ɔːˈθɒɡ.ən.əl  ˈkɒm.plɪ.ment/
aa orthogonal/ perpendicular complement of; perp
/ɔːˈθɒɡ.ən.əl/
/ˌpɜː.pənˈdɪk.jə.lər  ˈkɒm.plɪ.ment əv/
/pɜːp/

aa
coprime
aa is coprime to
aa
independent
/ˌɪn.dɪˈpen.dənt/ 
aa is independent of
/ɪzˌɪn.dɪˈpen.dənt  əv/
aa
bottom element
/ˈbɒt.əm ˈel.ɪ.mənt/
aa the bottom element
/ðə  ˈel.ɪ.mənt/
aa
bottom type
/ˈbɒt.əm  taɪp/
aa the bottom type; bot
/ðə  
aa
comparability
aa is comparable to
aa
28 𝕌
U
all numbers being considered
/ɔːl  ˈnʌm.bərz  ˈbiː.ɪŋ   kənˈsɪd.əd/
aa U; the universal set; the set of all numbers; all numbers considered
ae  ðə  set  /
/ðə set  əv  ˈnʌm.bərz/
/     ˈnʌm.bərz    

aa
29 set-theoretic union
/set  THēəˈredik ˈjuː.nj.ən/ 
aa the union of ... or ...; union
/ðə ˈjuː.nj.ən  əv.....ɔːr.../ 
/ˈjuː.nj.ən/ 
aa
30 set-theoretic intersection
/set  THēəˈredik ˌɪn.təˈsek.ʃən/
aa intersected with; intersect
/ˌɪn.təˈsektd  wɪð/
/ˌɪn.təˈsekt/ 

aa
31 logical disjunction or join in a lattice 
/ˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl  dɪsˈdʒʌŋk.ʃən  ɔːr  dʒɔɪn  ɪn  ə  læt.ɪs/
aa or;max;join
/ɔːr/
aa
32 logical conjunction or meet in a lattice
/ˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl  kənˈdʒʌŋk.ʃən  ɔːr  miːt  ɪn  ə   ˈlæt.ɪs/
aa and;min;meet
ae  
aa
wedge product
/wedʒ ˈprɒd.ʌkt/
aa wedge product; exterior product
ae  prɒd.ʌkt/
  prɒd.ʌkt/

aa
33 × multiplication
/ˌmʌl·tə·plɪˈkeɪ·ʃən/
aa times; multiplied by
/taɪmz/
/ˈmʌl.tɪ.plaɪd  baɪ/

aa
Cartesian product
/kɑːˈti.zi.ən  prɒd.ʌkt/
aa the Cartesian product of ... and ...; the direct product of ... and ...
/ðə  əv...ənd.../
ðə  əv...ənd.../

aa
cross product
/krɒs  prɒd.ʌkt/
aa cross
ae  
aa
group of units
/ɡruːp  əv  juː.nɪt/
aa the group of units of
/ðə  ɡruːp  əv  juː.nɪt əv/
aa
34 tensor product, tensor product of modules
/ˈten.sər  prɒd.ʌkt/
/ˈten.sər  prɒd.ʌkt  əv  ˈmɒdʒ.uːl/ 

aa tensor product of
/ˈten.sər  prɒd.ʌkt  əv/ 
aa
35
semidirect product
aa the semidirect product of
aa
36 natural join
/ˈnætʃ.ər.əl  dʒɔɪn/
aa the natural join of
/ðə  əv  
aa
37
Z
integers
/ˈɪn.tɪ.dʒər/
aa the (set of) integers
/ðə  (set əv)  /
aa
38 ℤn
ℤp
Zn
Zp
integers mod n
/ˈɪn.tɪ.dʒər  mɒd  en/ 
aa the (set of) integers modulo n
/ðə  (set əv) /
aa
p-adic integers
/piː  adic ˈɪn.tɪ.dʒər/ 
aa the (set of) p-adic integers
/ðə  (set əv) /
aa

 Symbols based on Hebrew or Greek letters
(Simbol berdasarkan huruf Ibrani atau Yunani)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 aleph number
aa aleph
ae  
aa
2 beth number
aa beth
ae  
aa
3 δ Dirac delta function
aa Dirac delta of
ae  əv/
aa
Kronecker delta
aa Kronecker delta of
ae  əv/
aa
Functional derivative
/ˈfʌŋk.ʃən.əl  dɪˈrɪv.ə.tɪv/
aa Functional derivative of
ae  əv/
aa
4

symmetric difference
aa symmetric difference
aa
5 Δ delta
/ˈdel.tə/
aa delta; change in
ae  
aa
Laplacian
aa Laplace operator
ae  
aa
6 gradient
/ˈɡreɪ.di.ənt/ 
aa del; nabla; gradient of
ae  əv/
aa
divergence
/ˌdaɪˈvɜː.dʒəns/
aa del dot; divergence of
ae  dɒt/
  əv/

aa
curl
/kɜːl/
aa curl of
ae  əv/
aa
7 π Pi
/paɪ/ 
aa pi;3.1415926...;≈355÷113
ae  
aa
prime-counting function
/praɪm  kaʊnt ˈfʌŋk.ʃən/
aa prime-counting function of
ae  əv/
aa
projection
/prəˈdʒek.ʃən/
aa Projection of
ae  əv/
aa
Homotopy group
/Homotopy ɡruːp/ 
aa the nth Homotopy group of
/ðə  ɡruːp  əv/ 
aa
8 product
/ˈprɒd.ʌkt/  
aa product over ... from ... to ... of
/prɒd.ʌkt  ˈəʊ.vər...frɒm....tʊ...əv
aa
Cartesian product
/kɑːˈti.zi.ən  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/
aa the Cartesian product of; the direct product of
/ðə  kɑːˈti.zi.ən  prɒd.ʌkt  əv/
/ðə  prɒd.ʌkt  əv/

aa
9 coproduct
aa coproduct over ... from ... to ... of
aa
10 σ selection
/sɪˈlek.ʃən/
aa Selection of
/sɪˈlek.ʃən  əv/
aa
11 summation
/ˌsʌmˈeɪ.ʃən/
aa sum over ... from ... to ... of
/sʌm ˈəʊ.vər... frɒm...tʊ  əv
aa

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