Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation - TeachMeSoft

Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation

Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation

Kumpulan kosakata bahasa Inggris terlengkap mengenai List of Mathematical Symbols (Daftar simbol matematika) dari A sampai Z disertai Gambar, Audio dan Pronunciation. Yang memungkinkan teman-teman mengingat dengan cepat suatu kosakata baru, dikarenakan ke ikut sertaan indra penglihatan dan indra pendengaran dalam proses belajar.



Basic symbols
(Simbol matematika dasar)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 + addition
/əˈdɪʃ.ən/
aa plus;add
/plʌs
aa
disjoint union
/dɪsˈdʒɔɪnt ˈjuː.nj.ən/ 
aa the disjoint union of ... and ...
ae  ˈjuː.nj.ən
aa
2 subtraction
/səbˈtræk.ʃən/
aa minus;take;subtract
ae  
aa
negative sign
/ˈneɡ.ə.tɪv  saɪn/
aa negative; minus; the opposite of
/ˈneɡ.ə.tɪv  
aa
set-theoretic complement
/set  θɪəˈret.ɪ.k ˈkɒm.plɪ.ment/ 
aa minus;without
ae  
aa
3 ± plus-minus
/plʌs  ˈmaɪ.nəs/
aa plus or minus
/plʌs  ˈmaɪ.nəs/
aa
4 minus-plus
/ˈmaɪ.nəs  plʌs/
aa minus or plus
/ˈmaɪ.nəs  plʌs/
aa
5 ×

·
multiplication
/ˌmʌl·tə·plɪˈkeɪ·ʃən/
aa times; multiplied by
ae  
aa
dot product/ scalar product
/dɒt ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
/ˈskeɪ.lər ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
aa dot
/dɒt/
aa
cross product/ vector product
/krɒs  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
/ˈvek.tər ˈprɒd.ʌkt/ 
aa cross
/krɒs/
aa
placeholder
/ˈpleɪs.həʊl.dər/
aa (silent)
ae  
aa
6 ÷
division (Obelus)
/dɪˈvɪʒ.ən/ (äbələs)
aa divided by; over
ae  
aa
quotient group
/ˈkwəʊ.ʃənt ɡruːp/  
aa mod
ae  
aa
quotient set
/ˈkwəʊ.ʃənt  
mod aa
ae  
aa
7 square root (radical symbol)
/ˌskweə ˈruːt/
(ræd.ɪ.kəl ˈsɪm.bəl/

aa the (principal) square root of
ae  
aa
complex square root
/ˈkɒm.pleks  skweər ruːt/ 
aa the (complex) square root of
ae  
aa
8 summation
/ˌsʌmˈeɪ.ʃən/
aa sum over ... from ... to ... of
ae  
aa
9 indefinite integral/
antiderivative
/ɪnˈdef.ɪ.nət  ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/

aa indefinite integral of - OR - the antiderivative of
ae  ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl
aa
definite integral
/ˈdef.ɪ.nət ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
aa integral from ... to ... of ... with respect to
/ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl
aa
line integral
/laɪn ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
aa line/ path/ curve/ integral of ... along ...
ae  ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl
aa
10 Contour integral;
Closed line integral
/ˈkɒn.tɔːr ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
/kləʊzd  laɪn ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl/
aa contour integral of
ae  ˈɪn.tɪ.ɡrəl  
aa
11



ellipsis
/iˈlɪp.sɪs/
aa and so forth
ae  
aa
12 therefore
/ˈðeə.fɔːr/
aa therefore;so;hence
ae  
aa
13 because
/bɪˈkəz/
aa because;since
ae  
aa
14 ! factorial
/fækˈtɔː.ri.əl/
aa factorial
ae  
aa
logical negation
/ˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl  nɪˈɡeɪ.ʃən/ 
aa not
ae  
aa
15 ¬
˜
logical negation
/ˈlɒdʒ.ɪ.kəl  nɪˈɡeɪ.ʃən/ 
aa not
ae  
aa
16 proportionality
/prəˌpɔːʃəˈnæləti/
aa is proportional to; varies as
ae  
aa
17 infinity
/ɪnˈfɪn.ə.ti/
aa infinity
ae  
aa
18



end of proof
/ˌend.əv pruːf/ 
aa QED;
Tombstone;
Halmos finality symbol
ae  
aa

Symbols based on equality
(Simbol berdasarkan tanda sama dengan)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 = equality
/iˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa is equal to; equals
ae  
aa
2 inequality
/ˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa is not equal to; does not equal
ae  
aa
3 approximately equal
/əˈprɒk.sɪ.mət.li ˈiː.kwəl/
aa is approximately equal to
ae  
aa
isomorphism
aa is isomorphic to
aa
4 ~ probability distribution
/ˌprɒb.əˈbɪl.ə.ti  ˌdɪs.trɪˈbjuː.ʃən/ 
aa has distribution
ae  
aa
row equivalence
/rəʊ  ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns/ 
aa is row equivalent to
ae  
aa
same order of magnitude
/seɪm ˈɔː.dər  ɒv ˈmæɡ.nɪ.tʃuːd/
aa roughly similar; poorly approximates;
is on the order of
ae  
aa
similarity
/ˌsɪm.ɪˈlær.ə.ti/
aa is similar to
ae  
aa
asymptotically equivalent
aa is asymptotically equivalent to
aa
equivalence relation
/ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns  rɪˈleɪ.ʃən/
aa are in the same equivalence class
ae  
aa
5 =
::
=

:⇔


definition
/ˌdef.ɪˈnɪʃ.ən/
aa is defined as; is equal by definition to
ae  
aa
6 congruence
/ˈkɒŋ.ɡru.əns/
aa is congruent to
ae  
aa
isomorphic
/ˈaɪsəmɔːfɪk/ 
aa is isomorphic to
ae  
aa
7 congruence relation
/ˈkɒŋ.ɡru.əns  rɪˈleɪ.ʃən/
aa ... is congruent to ... modulo ...
ae  
aa
dentical equality
aa is identically equivalent to
aa
8
material equivalence
/məˈtɪə.ri.əl  ɪˈkwɪv.əl.əns/
aa if and only if; iff
ae  
aa
9 :=
=:
Assignment
/əˈsaɪn.mənt/
aa is defined to be
ae  
aa

Symbols that point left or right
(Simbol yang mengarah ke kiri atau ke kanan)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 <
>
strict inequality
/strɪkt ˌɪn.ɪˈkwɒl.ə.ti/
aa is less than, is greater than
ae  
aa
proper subgroup
/ˈprɒp.ər ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa is a proper subgroup of
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa
2
significant (strict) inequality
ae  
aa is much less than, is much greater than
ae  
aa
asymptotic comparison
ae  
aa is of smaller order than, is of greater order than
ae  
aa
absolute continuity
ae  
aa is absolutely continuous with respect to
ae  
aa
3
inequality
ae  
aa is less than or equal to, is greater than or equal to
ae  
aa
subgroup
/ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa is a subgroup of
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa
reduction
ae  
aa is reducible to
ae  
aa
4
congruence relation
ae  
aa ... is less than ... is greater than ...
ae  
aa
vector inequality
ae  
aa ... is less than or equal... is greater than or equal...
ae  
aa
5
Karp reduction
ae  
aa is Karp reducible to; is polynomial-time many-one reducible to
ae  
aa
Nondominated order
ae  
aa is nondominated by
ae  
aa
6


normal subgroup
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa is a normal subgroup of
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa
ideal
ae  
aa is an ideal of
ae  
aa
antijoin
ae  
aa the antijoin of
ae  
aa
7

material implication
ae  
aa implies; if ... then
ae  
aa
8
subset
ae  
aa is a subset of
ae  
aa
9
superset
ae  
aa is a superset of
ae  
aa
10 compact embedding
ae  
aa is compactly contained in
ae  
aa
11 function arrow
ae  
aa from ... to
ae  
aa
12 function arrow
ae  
aa maps to
ae  
aa
13 Converse implication
ae  
aa .. if ..
ae  
aa
14 <:
subtype
ae  
aa is a subtype of
ae  
aa
cover
ae  
aa is covered by
ae  
aa
15 entailment
ae  
aa entails
ae  
aa
16 inference
ae  
aa infers; is derived from
ae  
aa
partition
ae  
aa is a partition of
ae  
aa
17 ⟨| bra vector
ae  
aa the bra ...; the dual of ...
ae  
aa
18 |⟩ ket vector
ae  
aa the ket ...; the vector ...
ae  
aa

Brackets
(Tanda kurung)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 combination; binomial coefficient
ae  
aa n choose k
ae  
aa
2 multiset coefficient
ae  
aa u multichoose k
ae  
aa
3 piecewise-defined function; pattern matching; Switch statement
ae  
aa is defined as ... if ..., or as ... if ...; match ... with
ae  
aa
4 |...| absolute value; modulus
ae  
aa absolute value of; modulus of
ae  
aa
Euclidean norm or Euclidean length or magnitude
ae  
aa Euclidean norm of
ae  
aa
determinant
ae  
aa determinant of
ae  
aa
cardinality
ae  
aa cardinality of; size of; order of
ae  
aa
5 ‖...‖ norm
ae  
aa norm of; length of
ae  
aa
nearest integer function
ae  
aa nearest integer to
ae  
aa
6 { , } set brackets
/set
aa the set of ...
ae  set/
aa
7 { : }
{ | }
{ ; }
set builder notation
/set 
aa the set of ... such that
ae  set/
aa
8 ⌊...⌋ floor
ae  
aa floor; greatest integer; entier
ae  
aa
9 ⌈...⌉ ceiling
ae  
aa ceiling
ae  
aa
10 ⌊...⌉ nearest integer function
ae  
aa nearest integer to
ae  
aa
12 [ : ] degree of a field extension
ae  
aa the degree of
ae  
aa
12 [ ]
[ , ]
[ , , ]
equivalence class
ae  
aa the equivalence class of
ae  
aa
floor
ae  
aa floor; greatest integer; entier
ae  
aa
nearest integer function
ae  
aa nearest integer to
ae  
aa
Iverson bracket
ae  
aa 1 if true, 0 otherwise
ae  
aa
image
ae  
aa image of ... under ...
ae  
aa
closed interval
ae  
aa closed interval
ae  
aa
commutator
ae  
aa the commutator of
ae  
aa
triple scalar product
ae  
aa the triple scalar product of
ae  
aa
13 ( )
( , )
function application
ae  
aa of
ae  
aa
image
ae  
aa image of ... under ...
ae  
aa
precedence grouping
ae  
aa parentheses
ae  
aa
tuple
ae  
aa tuple; n-tuple; ordered pair/triple/etc; row vector; sequence
ae  
aa
highest common factor
ae  
aa highest common factor; greatest common divisor; hcf; gcd
ae  
aa
14 ( , )
] , [
open interval
ae  
aa open interval
ae  
aa
15 ( , ]
] , ]
left-open interval
ae  
aa half-open interval; left-open interval
ae  
aa
16 [ , )
[ , [
right-open interval
ae  
aa half-open interval; right-open interval
ae  
aa
17 ⟨⟩
⟨,⟩
inner product
ae  
aa inner product of
ae  
aa
average
ae  
aa average of
ae  
aa
expectation value
ae  
aa the expectation value of
ae  
aa
linear span
ae  
aa (linear) span of; linear hull of
ae  
aa
subgroup generated by a set
/ˈsʌbˌɡruːp  set/
aa the subgroup generated by
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa
tuple
ae  
aa tuple; n-tuple; ordered pair/triple/etc; row vector; sequence
ae  
aa
18 ⟨|⟩
(|)
inner product
ae  
aa inner product of
ae  
aa

Other non-letter symbols
(Simbol bukan huruf yang lain)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 * convolution
ae  
aa convolution; convolved with
ae  
aa
complex conjugate
ae  
aa conjugate
ae  
aa
group of units
ae  
aa the group of units of
ae  
aa
hyperreal numbers
ae  
aa the (set of) hyperreals
ae  set/
aa
Hodge star operator
ae  
aa Hodge star; Hodge dual
ae  
aa
Kleene star
ae  
aa Kleene star
ae  
aa
2 proportionality
ae  
aa is proportional to; varies as
ae  
aa
Karp reduction
ae  
aa is Karp reducible to; is polynomial-time many-one reducible to
ae  
aa
3 set-theoretic complement
/set
aa minus; without; throw out; not
ae  
aa
4 | conditional event
ae  
aa given
ae  
aa
restriction
ae  
aa restriction of ... to ...; restricted to
ae  
aa
such that
ae  
aa such that; so that
ae  
aa
5
divisor, divides
ae  
aa divides
ae  
aa
6 ∣∣ exact divisibility
ae  
aa exactly divides
ae  
aa
7

parallel
ae  
aa is parallel to
ae  
aa
incomparability
ae  
aa is incomparable to
ae  
aa
8 # cardinality
ae  
aa cardinality of; size of; order of
ae  
aa
connected sum
ae  
aa connected sum of; knot sum of; knot composition of
ae  
aa
primorial
ae  
aa primorial
ae  
aa
9 : such that
ae  
aa such that; so that
ae  
aa
field extension
ae  
aa extends;over
ae  
aa
inner product of matrices
ae  
aa inner product of
ae  
aa
index of a subgroup
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa index of subgroup
ae  ˈsʌbˌɡruːp/
aa
division
ae  
aa divided by over
ae  
aa
10 vertical ellipsis
ae  
aa vertical ellipsis
ae  
aa
11 wreath product
ae  
aa wreath product of ... by ...
ae  
aa
12

⇒⇐
downwards zigzag arrow
ae  
aa contradiction; this contradicts that
ae  
aa
13
exclusive or
ae  
aa xor
ae  
aa
direct sum
ae  
aa direct sum of
ae  
aa
14 Kulkarni–Nomizu product
ae  
aa Kulkarni–Nomizu product
ae  
aa
15 D'Alembertian; wave operator
ae  
aa non-Euclidean Laplacian
ae  
aa

Letter modifiers/ diacritics

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 a mean
ae  
aa overbar; ... bar
ae  
aa
finite sequence, tuple
ae  
aa finite sequence, tuple
ae  
aa
algebraic closure
ae  
aa algebraic closure of
ae  
aa
complex conjugate
ae  
aa conjugate
ae  
aa
topological closure
ae  
aa (topological) closure of
ae  
aa
2 vector
ae  
aa harpoon
ae  
aa
3 â unit vector
ae  
aa hat
ae  
aa
estimator
ae  
aa estimator for
ae  
aa
4 derivative
ae  
aa ... prime; derivative of
ae  
aa
5 derivative
ae  
aa ... dot; time derivative of
/...dɒt/

aa

Symbols based on Latin letters
(Simbol berdasarkan huruf Latin)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 universal quantification
ae  
aa for all; for any; for each; for every
ae  
aa
2 𝔹
B
boolean domain
ae  
aa B; the (set of) boolean values; the (set of) truth values;
ae  set/
aa
3
C
complex numbers
ae  
aa C; the (set of) complex numbers
ae  set/
aa
4 𝔠 cardinality of the continuum
ae  
aa cardinality of the continuum; c; cardinality of the real numbers
ae  
aa
5 partial derivative
ae  
aa partial;d
ae  
aa
boundary
ae  
aa boundary of
ae  
aa
degree of a polynomial
ae  
aa degree of
ae  
aa
6 𝔼
E
expected value
ae  
aa expected value
ae  
aa
7 existential quantification
ae  
aa there exists; there is; there are
ae  
aa
8 ∃! uniqueness quantification
ae  
aa there exists exactly one
ae  
aa
9
set membership
/set 
aa is an element of; is not an element of
ae  
aa
10 set membership
/set
aa does not contain as an element
ae  
aa
11 such that symbol
ae  
aa such that
ae  
aa
set membership
/set/
aa contains as an element
ae  
aa
12 𝔽 Galois field
ae  
aa Galois field, or finite field
ae  
aa
13
H
quaternions or Hamiltonian quaternions
ae  
aa H; the (set of) quaternions
ae  set/
aa
14 𝕀
I
Indicator function
ae  
aa the indicator of
ae  
aa
15
N
natural numbers
ae  
aa the (set of) natural numbers
ae  
aa
16 Hadamard product
ae  
aa entrywise product
ae  
aa
17 function composition
ae  
aa composed with
ae  
aa
18 O Big O notation
ae  
aa big-oh of
ae  
aa
19
{ }
empty set
ae  set/
aa the empty set null set
ae  set/  set/
aa
20
P
set of primes
/set
aa P; the set of prime numbers
ae  set
aa
projective space
ae  
aa P; the projective space; the projective line; the projective plane
ae  
aa
polynomials
ae  
aa the space of all possible polynomials
ae  
aa
probability
ae  
aa the probability of
ae  
aa
Power set
ae  set/
aa the Power set of
ae  set
aa
21
Q
rational numbers
ae  
aa Q; the (set of) rational numbers; the rationals
ae  set
aa
22 ℚp
Qp
p-adic numbers
ae  
aa the (set of) p-adic numbers; the p-adics
ae  set
aa
23
R
real numbers
ae  
aa R; the (set of) real numbers; the reals
ae  set
aa
24 conjugate transpose
ae  
aa conjugate transpose; adjoint; Hermitian adjoint/conjugate/transpose/dagge
ae  
aa
25 T transpose
ae  
aa transpose
ae  
aa
26 top element
ae  
aa the top element
ae  
aa
top type
ae  
aa the top type; top
ae  
aa
27 perpendicular
ae  
aa is perpendicular to
ae  
aa
orthogonal complement
ae  
aa orthogonal/ perpendicular complement of; perp
ae  
aa
coprime
ae  
aa is coprime to
ae  
aa
independent
ae  
aa is independent of
ae  
aa
bottom element
ae  
aa the bottom element
ae  
aa
bottom type
ae  
aa the bottom type; bot
ae  
aa
comparability
ae  
aa is comparable to
ae  
aa
28 𝕌
U
all numbers being considered
ae  
aa U; the universal set; the set of all numbers; all numbers considered
ae  set/
  set/
aa
29 set-theoretic union
/setˈjuː.nj.ən/ 
aa the union of ... or ...; union
ae  ˈjuː.nj.ən/ 
ˈjuː.nj.ən/ 
aa
30 set-theoretic intersection
/set
aa intersected with; intersect
ae  
aa
31 logical disjunction or join in a lattice
ae  
aa or;max;join
ae  
aa
32 logical conjunction or meet in a lattice
ae  
aa and;min;meet
ae  
aa
wedge product
ae  
aa wedge product; exterior product
ae  
aa
33 × multiplication
ae  
aa times; multiplied by
ae  
aa
Cartesian product
ae  
aa the Cartesian product of ... and ...; the direct product of ... and ...
ae  
aa
cross product
ae  
aa cross
ae  
aa
group of units
ae  
aa the group of units of
ae  
aa
34 tensor product, tensor product of modules
ae  
aa tensor product of
ae  
aa
35
semidirect product
ae  
aa the semidirect product of
ae  
aa
36 natural join
ae  
aa the natural join of
ae  
aa
37
Z
integers
ae  
aa the (set of) integers
ae  set/
aa
38 ℤn
ℤp
Zn
Zp
integers mod n
ae  
aa the (set of) integers modulo n
ae  set/
aa
p-adic integers
ae  
aa the (set of) p-adic integers
ae  set/
aa

 Symbols based on Hebrew or Greek letters
(Simbol berdasarkan huruf Ibrani atau Yunani)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 aleph number
aa aleph
ae  
aa
2 beth number
aa beth
ae  
aa
3 δ Dirac delta function
aa Dirac delta of
ae  
aa
Kronecker delta
aa Kronecker delta of
ae  
aa
Functional derivative
/ˈfʌŋk.ʃən.əl  dɪˈrɪv.ə.tɪv/
aa Functional derivative of
ae  
aa
4

symmetric difference
aa symmetric difference
aa
5 Δ delta
/ˈdel.tə/
aa delta; change in
ae  
aa
Laplacian
aa Laplace operator
ae  
aa
6 gradient
/ˈɡreɪ.di.ənt/ 
aa del; nabla; gradient of
ae  
aa
divergence
/ˌdaɪˈvɜː.dʒəns/
aa del dot; divergence of
ae  dɒt/
aa
curl
/kɜːl/
aa curl of
ae  
aa
7 π Pi
/paɪ/ 
aa pi;3.1415926...;≈355÷113
ae  
aa
prime-counting function
/praɪm  kaʊnt ˈfʌŋk.ʃən/
aa prime-counting function of
ae  
aa
projection
/prəˈdʒek.ʃən/
aa Projection of
ae  
aa
Homotopy group
/Homotopy ɡruːp/ 
aa the nth Homotopy group of
ae  ɡruːp/ 
aa
8 product
/ˈprɒd.ʌkt/  
aa product over ... from ... to ... of
ae  
aa
Cartesian product
/kɑːˈti.zi.ən  ˈprɒd.ʌkt/
aa the Cartesian product of; the direct product of
ae  
aa
9 coproduct
aa coproduct over ... from ... to ... of
aa
10 σ selection
/sɪˈlek.ʃən/
aa Selection of
ae  
aa
11 summation
/ˌsʌmˈeɪ.ʃən/
aa sum over ... from ... to ... of
ae  
aa

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