Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation - TeachMeSoft

Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation

Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Simbol Matematika Disertai Audio Dan Pronunciation

Kumpulan kosakata bahasa Inggris terlengkap mengenai List of Mathematical Symbols (Daftar simbol matematika) dari A sampai Z disertai Gambar, Audio dan Pronunciation. Yang memungkinkan teman-teman mengingat dengan cepat suatu kosakata baru, dikarenakan ke ikut sertaan indra penglihatan dan indra pendengaran dalam proses belajar.



Basic symbols
(Simbol matematika dasar)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 + addition
ae  
aa plus;add
ae  
aa
disjoint union
ae  
aa the disjoint union of ... and ...
ae  
aa
2 subtraction
ae  
aa minus;take;subtract
ae  
aa
negative sign
ae  
aa negative; minus; the opposite of
ae  
aa
set-theoretic complement
ae  
aa minus;without
ae  
aa
3 ± plus-minus
ae  
aa plus or minus
ae  
aa
4 minus-plus
ae  
aa minus or plus
ae  
aa
5 ×

·
multiplication
ae  
aa times; multiplied by
ae  
aa
dot product/ scalar product
ae  
aa dot
ae  
aa
cross product/ vector product
ae  
aa cross
ae  
aa
placeholder
ae  
aa (silent)
ae  
aa
6 ÷
division (Obelus)
ae  
aa divided by; over
ae  
aa
quotient group
ae  
aa mod
ae  
aa
quotient set
ae  
mod aa
ae  
aa
7 square root (radical symbol)
ae  
aa the (principal) square root of
ae  
aa
complex square root
ae  
aa the (complex) square root of
ae  
aa
8 summation
ae  
aa sum over ... from ... to ... of
ae  
aa
9 indefinite integral/
antiderivative
ae  
aa indefinite integral of - OR - the antiderivative of
ae  
aa
definite integral
ae  
aa integral from ... to ... of ... with respect to
ae  
aa
line integral
ae  
aa line/ path/ curve/ integral of ... along ...
ae  
aa
10 Contour integral;
Closed line integral
ae  
aa contour integral of
ae  
aa
11



ellipsis
ae  
aa and so forth
ae  
aa
12 therefore
ae  
aa therefore;so;hence
ae  
aa
13 because
ae  
aa because;since
ae  
aa
14 ! factorial
ae  
aa factorial
ae  
aa
logical negation
ae  
aa not
ae  
aa
15 ¬
˜
logical negation
ae  
aa not
ae  
aa
16 proportionality
ae  
aa is proportional to; varies as
ae  
aa
17 infinity
ae  
aa infinity
ae  
aa
18



end of proof
ae  
aa QED;
Tombstone;
Halmos finality symbol
ae  
aa

Symbols based on equality
(Simbol berdasarkan tanda sama dengan)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 = equality
ae  
aa is equal to; equals
ae  
aa
2 inequality
ae  
aa is not equal to; does not equal
ae  
aa
3 approximately equal
ae  
aa is approximately equal to
ae  
aa
isomorphism
ae  
aa is isomorphic to
ae  
aa
4 ~ probability distribution
ae  
aa has distribution
ae  
aa
row equivalence
ae  
aa is row equivalent to
ae  
aa
same order of magnitude
ae  
aa roughly similar; poorly approximates;
is on the order of
ae  
aa
similarity
ae  
aa is similar to
ae  
aa
asymptotically equivalent
ae  
aa is asymptotically equivalent to
ae  
aa
equivalence relation
ae  
aa are in the same equivalence class
ae  
aa
5 =
::
=

:⇔


definition
ae  
aa is defined as; is equal by definition to
ae  
aa
6 congruence
ae  
aa is congruent to
ae  
aa
isomorphic
ae  
aa is isomorphic to
ae  
aa
7 congruence relation
ae  
aa ... is congruent to ... modulo ...
ae  
aa
dentical equality
ae  
aa is identically equivalent to
ae  
aa
8
material equivalence
ae  
aa if and only if; iff
ae  
aa
9 :=
=:
Assignment
ae  
aa is defined to be
ae  
aa

Symbols that point left or right
(Simbol yang mengarah ke kiri atau ke kanan)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 <
>
strict inequality
ae  
aa is less than, is greater than
ae  
aa
proper subgroup
ae  
aa is a proper subgroup of
ae  
aa
2
significant (strict) inequality
ae  
aa is much less than, is much greater than
ae  
aa
asymptotic comparison
ae  
aa is of smaller order than, is of greater order than
ae  
aa
absolute continuity
ae  
aa is absolutely continuous with respect to
ae  
aa
3
inequality
ae  
aa is less than or equal to, is greater than or equal to
ae  
aa
subgroup
ae  
aa is a subgroup of
ae  
aa
reduction
ae  
aa is reducible to
ae  
aa
4
congruence relation
ae  
aa ... is less than ... is greater than ...
ae  
aa
vector inequality
ae  
aa ... is less than or equal... is greater than or equal...
ae  
aa
5
Karp reduction
ae  
aa is Karp reducible to; is polynomial-time many-one reducible to
ae  
aa
Nondominated order
ae  
aa is nondominated by
ae  
aa
6


normal subgroup
ae  
aa is a normal subgroup of
ae  
aa
ideal
ae  
aa is an ideal of
ae  
aa
antijoin
ae  
aa the antijoin of
ae  
aa
7

material implication
ae  
aa implies; if ... then
ae  
aa
8
subset
ae  
aa is a subset of
ae  
aa
9
superset
ae  
aa is a superset of
ae  
aa
10 compact embedding
ae  
aa is compactly contained in
ae  
aa
11 function arrow
ae  
aa from ... to
ae  
aa
12 function arrow
ae  
aa maps to
ae  
aa
13 Converse implication
ae  
aa .. if ..
ae  
aa
14 <:
subtype
ae  
aa is a subtype of
ae  
aa
cover
ae  
aa is covered by
ae  
aa
15 entailment
ae  
aa entails
ae  
aa
16 inference
ae  
aa infers; is derived from
ae  
aa
partition
ae  
aa is a partition of
ae  
aa
17 ⟨| bra vector
ae  
aa the bra ...; the dual of ...
ae  
aa
18 |⟩ ket vector
ae  
aa the ket ...; the vector ...
ae  
aa

Brackets
(Tanda kurung)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 combination; binomial coefficient
ae  
aa n choose k
ae  
aa
2 multiset coefficient
ae  
aa u multichoose k
ae  
aa
3 piecewise-defined function; pattern matching; Switch statement
ae  
aa is defined as ... if ..., or as ... if ...; match ... with
ae  
aa
4 |...| absolute value; modulus
ae  
aa absolute value of; modulus of
ae  
aa
Euclidean norm or Euclidean length or magnitude
ae  
aa Euclidean norm of
ae  
aa
determinant
ae  
aa determinant of
ae  
aa
cardinality
ae  
aa cardinality of; size of; order of
ae  
aa
5 ‖...‖ norm
ae  
aa norm of; length of
ae  
aa
nearest integer function
ae  
aa nearest integer to
ae  
aa
6 { , } set brackets
ae  
aa the set of ...
ae  
aa
7 { : }
{ | }
{ ; }
set builder notation
ae  
aa the set of ... such that
ae  
aa
8 ⌊...⌋ floor
ae  
aa floor; greatest integer; entier
ae  
aa
9 ⌈...⌉ ceiling
ae  
aa ceiling
ae  
aa
10 ⌊...⌉ nearest integer function
ae  
aa nearest integer to
ae  
aa
12 [ : ] degree of a field extension
ae  
aa the degree of
ae  
aa
12 [ ]
[ , ]
[ , , ]
equivalence class
ae  
aa the equivalence class of
ae  
aa
floor
ae  
aa floor; greatest integer; entier
ae  
aa
nearest integer function
ae  
aa nearest integer to
ae  
aa
Iverson bracket
ae  
aa 1 if true, 0 otherwise
ae  
aa
image
ae  
aa image of ... under ...
ae  
aa
closed interval
ae  
aa closed interval
ae  
aa
commutator
ae  
aa the commutator of
ae  
aa
triple scalar product
ae  
aa the triple scalar product of
ae  
aa
13 ( )
( , )
function application
ae  
aa of
ae  
aa
image
ae  
aa image of ... under ...
ae  
aa
precedence grouping
ae  
aa parentheses
ae  
aa
tuple
ae  
aa tuple; n-tuple; ordered pair/triple/etc; row vector; sequence
ae  
aa
highest common factor
ae  
aa highest common factor; greatest common divisor; hcf; gcd
ae  
aa
14 ( , )
] , [
open interval
ae  
aa open interval
ae  
aa
15 ( , ]
] , ]
left-open interval
ae  
aa half-open interval; left-open interval
ae  
aa
16 [ , )
[ , [
right-open interval
ae  
aa half-open interval; right-open interval
ae  
aa
17 ⟨⟩
⟨,⟩
inner product
ae  
aa inner product of
ae  
aa
average
ae  
aa average of
ae  
aa
expectation value
ae  
aa the expectation value of
ae  
aa
linear span
ae  
aa (linear) span of; linear hull of
ae  
aa
subgroup generated by a set
ae  
aa the subgroup generated by
ae  
aa
tuple
ae  
aa tuple; n-tuple; ordered pair/triple/etc; row vector; sequence
ae  
aa
18 ⟨|⟩
(|)
inner product
ae  
aa inner product of
ae  
aa

Other non-letter symbols
(Simbol bukan huruf yang lain)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 * convolution
ae  
aa convolution; convolved with
ae  
aa
complex conjugate
ae  
aa conjugate
ae  
aa
group of units
ae  
aa the group of units of
ae  
aa
hyperreal numbers
ae  
aa the (set of) hyperreals
ae  
aa
Hodge star operator
ae  
aa Hodge star; Hodge dual
ae  
aa
Kleene star
ae  
aa Kleene star
ae  
aa
2 proportionality
ae  
aa is proportional to; varies as
ae  
aa
Karp reduction
ae  
aa is Karp reducible to; is polynomial-time many-one reducible to
ae  
aa
3 set-theoretic complement
ae  
aa minus; without; throw out; not
ae  
aa
4 | conditional event
ae  
aa given
ae  
aa
restriction
ae  
aa restriction of ... to ...; restricted to
ae  
aa
such that
ae  
aa such that; so that
ae  
aa
5
divisor, divides
ae  
aa divides
ae  
aa
6 ∣∣ exact divisibility
ae  
aa exactly divides
ae  
aa
7

parallel
ae  
aa is parallel to
ae  
aa
incomparability
ae  
aa is incomparable to
ae  
aa
8 # cardinality
ae  
aa cardinality of; size of; order of
ae  
aa
connected sum
ae  
aa connected sum of; knot sum of; knot composition of
ae  
aa
primorial
ae  
aa primorial
ae  
aa
9 : such that
ae  
aa such that; so that
ae  
aa
field extension
ae  
aa extends;over
ae  
aa
inner product of matrices
ae  
aa inner product of
ae  
aa
index of a subgroup
ae  
aa index of subgroup
ae  
aa
division
ae  
aa divided by over
ae  
aa
10 vertical ellipsis
ae  
aa vertical ellipsis
ae  
aa
11 wreath product
ae  
aa wreath product of ... by ...
ae  
aa
12

⇒⇐
downwards zigzag arrow
ae  
aa contradiction; this contradicts that
ae  
aa
13
exclusive or
ae  
aa xor
ae  
aa
direct sum
ae  
aa direct sum of
ae  
aa
14 Kulkarni–Nomizu product
ae  
aa Kulkarni–Nomizu product
ae  
aa
15 D'Alembertian; wave operator
ae  
aa non-Euclidean Laplacian
ae  
aa

Letter modifiers/ diacritics

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 a mean
ae  
aa overbar; ... bar
ae  
aa
finite sequence, tuple
ae  
aa finite sequence, tuple
ae  
aa
algebraic closure
ae  
aa algebraic closure of
ae  
aa
complex conjugate
ae  
aa conjugate
ae  
aa
topological closure
ae  
aa (topological) closure of
ae  
aa
2 vector
ae  
aa harpoon
ae  
aa
3 รข unit vector
ae  
aa hat
ae  
aa
estimator
ae  
aa estimator for
ae  
aa
4 derivative
ae  
aa ... prime; derivative of
ae  
aa
5 derivative
ae  
aa ... dot; time derivative of
ae  
aa

Symbols based on Latin letters
(Simbol berdasarkan huruf Latin)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 universal quantification
ae  
aa for all; for any; for each; for every
ae  
aa
2 ๐”น
B
boolean domain
ae  
aa B; the (set of) boolean values; the (set of) truth values;
ae  
aa
3 โ„‚
C
complex numbers
ae  
aa C; the (set of) complex numbers
ae  
aa
4 ๐”  cardinality of the continuum
ae  
aa cardinality of the continuum; c; cardinality of the real numbers
ae  
aa
5 partial derivative
ae  
aa partial;d
ae  
aa
boundary
ae  
aa boundary of
ae  
aa
degree of a polynomial
ae  
aa degree of
ae  
aa
6 ๐”ผ
E
expected value
ae  
aa expected value
ae  
aa
7 existential quantification
ae  
aa there exists; there is; there are
ae  
aa
8 ∃! uniqueness quantification
ae  
aa there exists exactly one
ae  
aa
9
set membership
ae  
aa is an element of; is not an element of
ae  
aa
10 set membership
ae  
aa does not contain as an element
ae  
aa
11 such that symbol
ae  
aa such that
ae  
aa
set membership
ae  
aa contains as an element
ae  
aa
12 ๐”ฝ Galois field
ae  
aa Galois field, or finite field
ae  
aa
13 โ„
H
quaternions or Hamiltonian quaternions
ae  
aa H; the (set of) quaternions
ae  
aa
14 ๐•€
I
Indicator function
ae  
aa the indicator of
ae  
aa
15 โ„•
N
natural numbers
ae  
aa the (set of) natural numbers
ae  
aa
16 Hadamard product
ae  
aa entrywise product
ae  
aa
17 function composition
ae  
aa composed with
ae  
aa
18 O Big O notation
ae  
aa big-oh of
ae  
aa
19
{ }
empty set
ae  
aa the empty set null set
ae  
aa
20 โ„™
P
set of primes
ae  
aa P; the set of prime numbers
ae  
aa
projective space
ae  
aa P; the projective space; the projective line; the projective plane
ae  
aa
polynomials
ae  
aa the space of all possible polynomials
ae  
aa
probability
ae  
aa the probability of
ae  
aa
Power set
ae  
aa the Power set of
ae  
aa
21 โ„š
Q
rational numbers
ae  
aa Q; the (set of) rational numbers; the rationals
ae  
aa
22 โ„šp
Qp
p-adic numbers
ae  
aa the (set of) p-adic numbers; the p-adics
ae  
aa
23 โ„
R
real numbers
ae  
aa R; the (set of) real numbers; the reals
ae  
aa
24 conjugate transpose
ae  
aa conjugate transpose; adjoint; Hermitian adjoint/conjugate/transpose/dagge
ae  
aa
25 T transpose
ae  
aa transpose
ae  
aa
26 top element
ae  
aa the top element
ae  
aa
top type
ae  
aa the top type; top
ae  
aa
27 perpendicular
ae  
aa is perpendicular to
ae  
aa
orthogonal complement
ae  
aa orthogonal/ perpendicular complement of; perp
ae  
aa
coprime
ae  
aa is coprime to
ae  
aa
independent
ae  
aa is independent of
ae  
aa
bottom element
ae  
aa the bottom element
ae  
aa
bottom type
ae  
aa the bottom type; bot
ae  
aa
comparability
ae  
aa is comparable to
ae  
aa
28 ๐•Œ
U
all numbers being considered
ae  
aa U; the universal set; the set of all numbers; all numbers considered
ae  
aa
29 set-theoretic union
ae  
aa the union of ... or ...; union
ae  
aa
30 set-theoretic intersection
ae  
aa intersected with; intersect
ae  
aa
31 logical disjunction or join in a lattice
ae  
aa or;max;join
ae  
aa
32 logical conjunction or meet in a lattice
ae  
aa and;min;meet
ae  
aa
wedge product
ae  
aa wedge product; exterior product
ae  
aa
33 × multiplication
ae  
aa times; multiplied by
ae  
aa
Cartesian product
ae  
aa the Cartesian product of ... and ...; the direct product of ... and ...
ae  
aa
cross product
ae  
aa cross
ae  
aa
group of units
ae  
aa the group of units of
ae  
aa
34 tensor product, tensor product of modules
ae  
aa tensor product of
ae  
aa
35
semidirect product
ae  
aa the semidirect product of
ae  
aa
36 natural join
ae  
aa the natural join of
ae  
aa
37 โ„ค
Z
integers
ae  
aa the (set of) integers
ae  
aa
38 โ„คn
โ„คp
Zn
Zp
integers mod n
ae  
aa the (set of) integers modulo n
ae  
aa
p-adic integers
ae  
aa the (set of) p-adic integers
ae  
aa

 Symbols based on Hebrew or Greek letters
(Simbol berdasarkan huruf Ibrani atau Yunani)

No Simbol Nama Arti Nama Dibaca Arti Dibaca
1 โ„ต aleph number
ae  
aa aleph
ae  
aa
2 โ„ถ beth number
ae  
aa beth
ae  
aa
3 ฮด Dirac delta function
ae  
aa Dirac delta of
ae  
aa
Kronecker delta
ae  
aa Kronecker delta of
ae  
aa
Functional derivative
ae  
aa Functional derivative of
ae  
aa
4

symmetric difference
ae  
aa symmetric difference
ae  
aa
5 ฮ” delta
ae  
aa delta; change in
ae  
aa
Laplacian
ae  
aa Laplace operator
ae  
aa
6 gradient
ae  
aa del; nabla; gradient of
ae  
aa
divergence
ae  
aa del dot; divergence of
ae  
aa
curl
ae  
aa curl of
ae  
aa
7 ฯ€ Pi
ae  
aa pi;3.1415926...;≈355÷113
ae  
aa
prime-counting function
ae  
aa prime-counting function of
ae  
aa
projection
ae  
aa Projection of
ae  
aa
Homotopy group
ae  
aa the nth Homotopy group of
ae  
aa
8 product
ae  
aa product over ... from ... to ... of
ae  
aa
Cartesian product
ae  
aa the Cartesian product of; the direct product of
ae  
aa
9 coproduct
ae  
aa coproduct over ... from ... to ... of
ae  
aa
10 ฯƒ selection
ae  
aa Selection of
ae  
aa
11 summation
ae  
aa sum over ... from ... to ... of
ae  
aa

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